### Definition

The Radon transform using the notations in the section on the description of linear structures in 2D with ) for an f real function: Let us follow the convention and , now the function f Radon transformed with variables : For the existence of the Radon transform we have to require that the improper integral above exists (more precisely that is integrable in a Lebesgue sense). Johann Radon showed that if f is continuous and has a compact support the Radon transform is unique.

### Example

Let us take a "disk" of radius r, where the function values is 1 inside radius r otherwise 0: As the function value is 1 or 0, the Radon transform will be given by the limits of the support: for an arbitrary angle at a given t the nonzero values are on the domain of . Thus: if t<r and 0 otherwise. The result is independent of angle, has compact support, but despite the original constant function it is not constant.

A 2D Radon transform can be graphed in a coordinate system, that is called a sinogram, and it is the topic of the next section.